It is not clear how she became infected, but her doctors said she could have contracted the infections from two different people, Reuters reported.
While her oxygen levels were initially stable, her condition deteriorated very quickly, and she died five days later.
Molecular biologist Anne Vankeerberghen said that it was difficult to tell whether the co-infection played a role in the fast deterioration of the patient.
“Both these variants were circulating in Belgium at the time, so the lady was likely co-infected with different viruses from two different people,” she said, according to The Guardian.
Vankeerberghen works for the OLV hospital in Belgium, which is leading the research. Their findings have not yet been submitted to a medical journal for publication.
Even though there are no other published cases of similar co-infections, researchers believe the case shows that it is possible to catch two COVID-19 variants simultaneously. Vankeerberghen said the “phenomenon is probably underestimated,” according to The Guardian.