Strategy to optimize sub-nanosecond laser conditioning of DKDP crystal

Researchers from the Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) innovatively proposed a scheme to optimize the laser conditioning effect based on temporal shapes of the pulse, and studied the laser conditioning processes by using sub-nanosecond laser pulses with different combinations of rising and falling edges.

Related results have been published in Optics Express on Oct. 18.

Deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystal is the only nonlinear optical crystal material served in Inertial Confinement Fusion. However, the laser induced damage of DKDP crystals seriously restricts the service life of components and the laser output. Laser conditioning is one of the methods that can effectively improve the laser induced damage resistance of DKDP crystals.

In recent years, many scientists have found that the pulse width of conditioned laser (especially in the sub-nanosecond range) has a great influence on the improvement of laser conditioning effects. By optimizing the sub-nanosecond laser parameters, DKDP crystal can obtain higher laser induced damage resistance.

In this study, after a series of experiments, the researchers found that the speed of rising front has obvious influence on the conditioning effect of DKDP crystals, and the conditioning effect of sub-nanosecond laser with slow rising pulse front is 20% higher than that of Gaussian sub-nanosecond laser.

Nanosecond laser-induced damage morphologies of DKDP crystal after sub-nanosecond laser conditioning with different temporal shapes. SIOM

Moreover, the damage morphology also changed obviously, showing local micro-cracks, which indicated that the sub-nanosecond laser conditioning with slow rising pulse front could carry out more thorough thermal modification on the precursors in DKDP crystals, and better improve the laser induced damage resistance of the crystal.

This research provides important ideas and references for the research and improvement of laser induced damage properties of DKDP crystals and other nonlinear optical crystals.

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More information:
Ting Li et al, Optimizing sub-nanosecond laser conditioning of DKDP crystals by varying the temporal shape of the pulse, Optics Express (2021). DOI: 10.1364/OE.441918

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Chinese Academy of Sciences

Strategy to optimize sub-nanosecond laser conditioning of DKDP crystal (2021, November 12)
retrieved 15 November 2021

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